Moderated by Alicia K. Aroche, multimedia artist and storyteller whose work focuses on community engagement, racial justice, and healing 

This virtual event brings together students, faculty, and community members to explore the history of East End Cemetery, honor the people laid to rest there, and contribute to a shared vision of its future. We will hear from two East End descendants—Thomas Taylor and Alice Wooldridge—in a conversation moderated by Alicia Aroche, also an East End descendant and an international faculty affiliate with the Center on Digital Storytelling and Oral History at Concordia University in Montréal.

A Q&A will follow. 

The conversation will be held on Zoom and will be open to the public. Registration is required through this form; a Zoom link will be sent to you after registering. An outdoor, in-person event that builds on the themes that emerge in this discussion is being planned for April, in collaboration with Oakwood Arts


Founded in 1897, East End Cemetery is a historic African American burial ground in Henrico County and the city of Richmond. It is the final resting place of upwards of 15,000 people, some of whom were born enslaved; many more were born in the decades following the Civil War, as African Americans built lives for themselves in freedom shadowed by segregation and white supremacy. 

As with other Black burial grounds of the period, plots at East End were maintained primarily by families. However, the weight of Jim Crow’s racially discriminatory policies, the lack of public investment, and the displacement of many African American communities took a heavy toll on the cemetery. By the 1970s, it was almost completely overgrown, plagued by vandalism and illegal dumping. 

In 2013, volunteers launched an effort to restore East End and by early 2020 had cleared most of the 16-acre cemetery. UR and VCU students and faculty worked alongside the Friends of East End for many of those years, recovering and documenting thousands of grave markers that span generations. 

Now, though, East End Cemetery has a new owner whose priorities are at odds with those of the longtime stewards. Can these competing visions be reconciled for the good of the cemetery? Can we create a space where all voices can be heard? 

End of an Era

It is with great sadness that we announce the suspension of our on-site reclamation work at East End. Many of you have volunteered with us over the years, helping to clear nearly 10 acres of the once-overgrown cemetery. Since work began in July 2013, we have uncovered more than 3,300 grave markers, hauled countless tons of brush and illegally dumped trash, learned a whole lot of history, and made many friends along the way. 

Dusk at East End Cemetery, 10 November 2020. Photo by Brian Palmer.

You are likely aware of our fraught relationship with the Enrichmond Foundation, which acquired East End in spring 2019. Enrichmond continues to claim that we refused its offers of partnership. No such offers were ever made. Instead, Enrichmond presented us with an acquisitive and profoundly unfair volunteer agreement in May. We retained legal counsel, made counterproposals, and offered concessions. If we conceded more, we would be completely subservient to an organization that has proven itself to be an irresponsible and opportunistic steward of the cemetery.

Regardless, we will continue our other work with our friends and partners, people who share our commitment to painting a fuller, truer picture of Richmond’s complex past. A digital archive devoted to East End is now available online — more on this soon — and we will resume our oral history project once Covid subsides. We will also continue pitching in at other historic African American cemeteries that volunteers are reclaiming from nature and neglect.

We are deeply grateful for the many ways you’ve supported our work over the years, and we hope you’ll keep following us online. We may not be pulling vines at East End, but that doesn’t mean we’ve turned our backs on the cemetery. We’ll still share stories and photographs. And, of course, we’ll continue to visit East End regularly, both to conduct genealogical research and to spend time at this hallowed site that has become so important to all of us.

If you would like to join us in pressing for oversight of Enrichmond’s activities at East End and Evergreen, as well as accountability for the taxpayer money spent there, please contact the elected and appointed officials listed below. And please don’t hesitate to email ( or DM us if you have questions. 

The Friends of East End

• The Reverend Tyrone Nelson, Henrico County Supervisor–Varina (location of East End Cemetery);
(804) 501-4208
Board of Supervisors
P. O. Box 90775
Henrico, VA 23273-0775

• John Vithoulkas, Henrico County Manager
(804) 501-4206

• Cari Tretina, Henrico County Chief of Staff

Board of Supervisors
P. O. Box 90775
Henrico, VA 23273-0775

• Levar Stoney, Mayor of Richmond
(804) 646-7970
Mayor’s Office
900 E. Broad St., Suite 201
Richmond, VA 23219

• Cynthia Newbille, Councilmember, Richmond City Council, East End 7th Voter District
(804) 646-3012
900 E. Broad St., Suite 305
Richmond, VA 23219

• Brett Glymph, Executive Director, Virginia Outdoors Foundation;
(540) 347-7727
Virginia Outdoors Foundation
39 Garrett St., Suite 200
Warrenton, VA 20186

• Julie Langan, Director, Virginia Dept. of Historic Resources/State Historic Preservation Officer
(804) 482-6087
Virginia Department of Historic Resources
2801 Kensington Avenue
Richmond, VA 23221

• Martha Mavredes, Auditor of Public Accounts
James Monroe Building
101 North 14th Street 8th Floor
Richmond, VA 23219

• Jennifer McClellan, state senator
(804) 698-7509
District Office
P. O. Box 396
Richmond, VA 23218

• Delores McQuinn, state delegate
(804) 698-1070
District Office
P.O. Box 406
Richmond, VA 23218

• Ralph Northam, governor
P.O. Box 1475
Richmond, VA 23218

• US Congressman A. Donald McEachin:
314 Cannon House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515

• US Senator Tim Kaine:
(202) 224-4024
231 Russell Senate Office Building
Washington, D.C. 20510

• US Senator Mark Warner:
(202) 224-2023
703 Hart Senate Office Building
Washington, DC 20510

Presenting Part II of the East End Oral History Project

We had the great pleasure of speaking with Alice N. Wooldridge in her Henrico Co. home in March. She talks about moving from Charles City to the big city, about cross burnings and colorism, and most of all about her family, including her uncle Edgar, a WWI veteran, and her great-grandmother, Alice A. (Wood) Wooldridge, her namesake, both of whom are buried at East End Cemetery.

Click here to watch the first installment of the East End Oral History Project, an extended interview with Thomas A. Taylor, who has been tending his family plot for decades.

New Digital Map Expands Access to East End Cemetery

Logo designed for the East End Cemetery Collaboratory by Leslie Steiger.

Years in the making, a searchable map of East End Cemetery is now accessible online. The map, which features drone-captured imagery, is the first digital initiative of the East End Cemetery Collaboratory, a learning community comprising faculty and staff from the University of Richmond and Virginia Commonwealth University and members of the Friends of East End. 

When cemetery reclamation began in summer 2013, nearly all of the gravestones had been swallowed by dense vegetation, and burial records were nowhere to be found. Over the years, we have met many descendants searching for loved ones’ graves and helped them locate their plots whenever possible. Some family members remember visiting the graves as children in the 1950s and ’60s. As overgrowth closed in and roads through the cemetery became impassable, they could no longer find their way to them. 

In the past seven years, volunteers have uncovered and documented upwards of 3,200 markers at East End, posting photographs, basic biographical information, and GPS coordinates on Until now, however, there was no easy way to locate specific graves at the cemetery.

That’s where the East End Cemetery Collaboratory comes in. Formally organized in 2017, the Collaboratory emerged from a multidisciplinary group of UR and VCU faculty who created educational projects at the cemetery for their classes and worked side by side with their students on volunteer cleanup days. Students increased the number of GPS points collected each year, and the addition of drone imagery in 2019 dramatically improved the accuracy of the map. Using a GIS app for phones and tablets, it’s now possible to pinpoint the exact position of grave markers at the cemetery. A new hillshade feature highlights depressions identified from small changes in elevation across the cemetery, providing a more accurate estimate of the number of burials. 

While the coronavirus pandemic has slowed East End reclamation efforts, Collaboratory members continue to refine the position of points on the map. We are also hard at work on a comprehensive digital archive centered on the cemetery. It already contains thousands of records for people interred at East End, as well as gravestone analyses, photographs, newspaper articles, and other documents. A beta release is expected by the end of June; a full release by the start of the 2020–21 school year. 

Both the map and the archive mark major steps forward in the documentation of East End Cemetery and the reclamation of its rich history, a vital chapter in the larger story of Richmond and the Commonwealth. Each will be updated as restoration and research continue and additional markers and records are found. 

The digital infrastructure for the map was built by Rob Nelson and Justin Madron/UR Digital Scholarship Lab, Stephanie Spera/UR Department of Geography and the Environment, and Beth Zizzamia and Taylor Holden/UR Spatial Analysis Lab. Data was collected by John Shuck and Erin Hollaway Palmer/Friends of East End, Kristine Grayson and Elizabeth Baughan/University of Richmond, and hundreds of students and volunteers across departments and institutions. Support for the Collaboratory is provided by UR’s Bonner Center for Civic Engagement, VCU’s Center for Community Engagement and Impact, and the UR School of Arts & Sciences Contested Spaces theme year.

East End Veterans Report Updated

World War II veteran Rudolph Henry Carey’s headstone at East End Cemetery, 22 December 2018. Photo by Brian Palmer.

Just in time for Memorial Day, we’ve updated our East End Veterans Report, now available for download here (give it a minute — it’s a big file). We undertook this survey in 2018 to provide information and photographs that could form the basis of an effort to repair, clean, and (re)set veterans’ headstones and markers, particularly those approved by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and its precursor. (Research has revealed several veterans buried at East End who have no headstone at all, only temporary “courtesy” markers. We believe that they meet the eligibility requirements to receive Veterans Affairs stones.) 

As of this writing, research conducted by the Friends of East End and others shows that at least 120 veterans are buried at the cemetery, including men who served in the Civil War, the Spanish–American War, World Wars I and II, Korea, and Vietnam. Markers have been found for all but nine of these. However, because several acres of the cemetery remain covered in dense overgrowth, we can say with near certainty that there are more veterans interred at East End. We will keep searching for them.


WE WON!!! Thanks to you and your votes, we are among the 40 recipients nationwide of a State Farm Neighborhood Assist grant. That’s $25,000 for our oral history project, which we’ll be launching ASAP. If we haven’t said it before, we’ll say it now: Y’all are the best! We asked for your support (about a thousand times) and you delivered. We hope you’ll celebrate with us on November 2 at East End — details to come. Now, if you’ll excuse us, we have more jumping up and down to do….

Get Your East End T-Shirt While You Can!

7 July 2019—East End Cemetery, Henrico County/Richmond, VA—Erin clears pokeweed. Portrait with Erin, Teacake, and BP.

You’ve seen us in our FoEE T-SHIRTS, and now you can have one too! All you need to do is donate $35 or more (details below), then email or DM us your choice of color, style, and size ( Here are the options: (1) Short-sleeve shirt in heather royal (shown here on Brian) or heather charcoal; (2) long-sleeve shirt in cherry red (on Melissa) or charcoal. Shirts are unisex, supersoft, and 100% cotton. All sizes from small to 3XL are available; youth medium and large are available for the short-sleeve shirts only. (NOTE: They all run a bit small, so consider ordering a size up if you’d like a little extra room.)

T-shirts will be available for pickup at East End on Saturday, August 31 (and if you can’t make it then, we’ll figure out another way to get it to you). We’ll be taking orders for the next three weeks, though Friday, August 2. All donations are tax deductible, and they’ll help us replace or repair tools, purchase water and supplies for our year-round workdays, and host public events to build awareness of the cemetery and the community it served.

Here’s how to donate:
• Click on the button beneath “Support Our Work,” right here on this page
• Mail a check, payable to Friends of East End Cemetery, to 717 N. 33rd St., Richmond, VA 23223
• Text 729725 (PayPal) and specify the amount and our email address (

The reclamation of East End is made possible by the hard work of volunteers — many of you included. By investing in the restoration of the cemetery, you are helping to honor the people buried there and to save a vital part of our collective history that might otherwise be lost.

Thank you!